History of Doorwerth

History of Doorwerth

Rights of Doorwerth

The history of Doorwerth is closely related to the castle and the Lord of Doorwerth. The Lord of Doorwerth was the highest authority on these lands. He was not only ruler also judge.

Territory encompassed the grounds on the north side of the Rhine up to the old road of Oosterbeek. In the 17th century, it extended further so far as the old village Wolfheze.

Hunting and fishing rights

The Lord of Doorwerth was entitled to the hunting, fishing and toll rights. Stranger to for us from the 21st century he had the sole rights to keep pigeons and to grind. That last right he used to raise a tax on mills or build his own mill.

Population

Some 200 people lived on the grounds of the castle. They depended on the lord for the lease, for their wages and security. The inhabitants of Doorwerth lived from agriculture, cattle breeding that consisted of sheep, pigs, and cows. The Lord was entitled to collect part of this income.

In 1741 Willem Bentinck commissioned a water mill to keep the polders arround the caslte dry. This expanded the lands he had. He used these to build a garden and as farmland.

heerlijkheid van doorwerth in 1741
The lands of castel of Doorwerth

heerlijkheid van doorwerth 1756
The landse in 1756
papiermolen bij doorwerth van familie pannekoek
Paper mill of family Pannekoek

Modelboederij huis ter Aa
Model farm “House ter Aa”

Jagershuis van A Driessen
Huntingmansion of A Driessen

Papermills

Paper mills were built at the brooks in the beginning of the 17th century. The paper makers came from elsewhere and transport to and from the mills made contact with the “outside world”.

Model farm “House ter Aa”

Cocoa manufacturer J.W.F. Scheffer founded the farm in 1908. He did this on grounds of the current Heveadorp.
Before the pasteurization techniques were invented, he wanted to start a hygienic milk production. At that time, milk was the cause of the spread of diseases.
The farm consisted of stables, factory buildings, haystacks, fouragé building, car shed, residential and office buildings, a bathhouse, laundry and a separate power station.

werken in de modelboerderij huis ter Aa
Working at model farm “House ter Aa”

Hunter’s House

Mr. Driessen Cocoa manufacturer inhabited the Jagershuis on the Italian Road. Unfortunately destroyed in the war in 1944.

That strange roof on the house was necessary for the pipe organ of the owner.

Tourism

In the 19th century growing cities, industrialization and a growing middle class gave more oportunities for Tourisme. The search for the tranquility of nature became a fashion phenomenon. Doorwerth reaped the benefits.

Walking and artists

Many visitors the priced moraine, views, flowing streams and the forests of this area.
The Oosterbeek school formed around this nature and interest to capture these views. This artistic movement only had a short period of flowering. In the beginning of the 20th century, this was revived by the association “Pictura Veluvensis”.

Aanzichtkaart 3 doorwerth
Postcard 3 Doorwerth
Aanzichtkaart 1 italiaanseweg doorwerth
Postcard 1 the Italian road Doorwerth

Access: Wolfheze station

The Lord of Doorwerth van Brakell had negotiated with the railway company that a station would be placed on the land that he sold. With this station nearby, he could give his visit a fitting welcome.
This station still offers tourists easy access to this area.

Aanzichtkaart 2 doorwerth
Postcard 2 Doorwerth

Plans for new villas

The children of the last lord of the castle of Doorwerth sold land to the Dutch Export Company of the Association for Land Colonization.
They planned to prepare the ground for simple villas. The plots were already in preparation, but a forest fire threw a spanner in the works. These plans were then discontinued.

The second world war

The second world war, and in particular the battle of Arnhem in September 1944, left the entire hamlet and castle in ruins. Those houses have never been built up again. It took the community 37 years to renovate the castle.

The current village

In 1955 the village was revived when the municipality of Renkum got a lack of building land. Different neighberhoods were build with the idea that the owners would have the feeling of living in the woods.

gehucht aan de fonteinallee
Hamlet at the fonteinallee

Het doorwerth van voor de oorlog
Doorwerth of before the war.