De Westerbouwing

Westerbouwing

Westerbouwing is an estate south of the Veluwe. Within cycling distance of Arnhem. Part of the municipality of Renkum. Located between the villages of Heveadorp, Doorwerth, and Oosterbeek.
Largely wooded, with beautiful views over the floodplains, the Neder Rijn and the Betuwe.
From 1887 there is a pavilion on the moraine with a view over the floodplains and the Neder Rijn.

uitzicht vanaf de westerbouwing terras
view from the westerbouwing terrace
stroompje bij heveadorp stroomopwaards
Stream at heveadorp upstream

First mention
The first records of Westerbouwing are in 1760. At that point it is called a house, or “barn on the mountain with ascending wood and orchards”. Peter Egberts is the owner of this.
In 1764 it was bought by Gijsbert Tulleken, then mayor of Arnhem.
The origin of the name is difficult to trace. It is known that there were two farms on the west and east side of the fountain lane. The one on the west side where today “Stal Doorwerth” is hot in 1756 “Wester Bauwinge”.
Oosterbeek’s large landowner Derk Gaymans bought it in 1802. He built a tea room or teahouse in 1824, where he regularly enjoyed it together with his family. This was long called “Gaymans dome”.

Beauty of Westerbouwing
Testimony of the beauty of the view of Westerbouwing is Isaac Anne Nijhoff (1795-1863): “From here we are again only a few steps away from the Westerbouwing, at the foot of the mountain, whose surface this estate covers. The walking path on it is already higher and higher and gives back the most unexpected outlooks when you turn back from time to time. On the village, spread across the opposite hills, and along the entire chain from heights to Arnhem, where the Eltensche mountains show up in the distance. Thus one arrives unexpectedly at a spacious living room, on the edge of an amazing steepage, at whose foot a pathway along the Rhine strikes along the road, and from where, on the whole Betuwe, with its buildings and meadows, with its countless towers, a proud, awe-inspiring view.”

Walkers are welcome
Probably Gaymans shared his view with passing walkers. The unwritten Oosterbeek tradition prescribed that you give free access to your estate for a walk.

wandelen op de westerbouwing - routepaaltjes
Walking on the west side – route posts
westerbouwing vrije impressie
Westerbouwing
feestlocatie westerbouwing
party location Westerbouwing
radarboot swaantje
Boot that traveled from and to the Westerbouwing from Arnhem
First drinks on the Westerbouwing
In 1872 the estate was sold to E.J. Backer, grandson of Renkum’s mayor H.J. Backer. The new owner has a house built at the teahouse. Here one could enjoy a snack and a drink.

First tourists
The beginning of tourist development of Western construction has its origins in a farm at the head of the church path. Here E.J. Thomassen a farm where his wife sold refreshments. She was therefore known as an innkeeper.
Leendert Fangman owner of the estate de Westerbouwing has built a pavilion for the widow Thomassen in 1887.

Boat trips to Arnhem
From 1880 boat trips were organized from Arnhem. This connection provides a growing popularity.

Observation tower and bare spots
In 1912 the municipality bought the location to keep the crowd puller. In the 1930s it was further expanded and a watchtower was put down.
The sight bags, the big “bald” spots on the western building were devised by Samuel Voorhoeve. He was a local landscape architect. He came up with this as a free location to enjoy the view.

In the war
During the battle of Arnhem (September 1944) this was a hard-fought place. The Germans who owned this location oversaw the entire environment and could see planes coming from afar. From here they shot at the perimeter in which the English had withdrawn.
After the war, there was little left of the glory it knew at the beginning of the century. A temporary restaurant was put down there. Several remembrance marks are now on the western building.

Westerbouwing trap aan Veerweg (26 jun 1908)
Westerbouwing stairs at the Ferryroad (26 jun 1908)
ingang tot de westerbouwing vanaf het veer naar Driel
Entrance in 2017
Westerbouwing voor de oorlog
Westerbouwing before the war
westerbouwing sept 1944
Westerbouwing after the war(sept 1944)
Theme park
The 1950s got a new lease on Westerbouwing. A new restaurant and watchtower were built there now supplemented with a playground. A strange phenomenon for the Netherlands was a cable car.
The famous swan train ride began to make its rounds at the end of the 50s. This train transported people to and from the tour boat and made touristic tours around the area.
In the years that followed, the park was expanded with bumpers, children’s lane, air cushion and a cinema double-decker bus where the little ones could watch Disney films and the youth could print t-shirts.
In the early 90’s it was decided to close the amusement park. With the arrival of the newer and larger amusement parks in the Netherlands, Westerbouwing was not competitive enough. Only the restaurant has retained its right to exist.
Valckeniers Forests
In 1838 J. Valckenier bought the woods on the north-west side of the Westerbouwing. As the first “owner” of this piece of land his name is given to this. This was also the location of the Renkum slaughterhouse until the 1970s. Many remnants can be found in the Seelbeek.
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